Thursday, November 23, 2017

History of Trafalgar Square

In 1839, nearly 35 years after the Battle of Trafalgar (20 October 1805), British Parliament decided to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson’s victory over the French.

Nelson went to sea at age of 12 and became admiral at the age of 39. He was a hero of the Battle of Calvi in 1794 where he lost an eye, the Battle of Santa Cruz (1707) where he lost an arm and the Battle of Trafalgar where he lost his life.

In the naval Battle of Trafalgar, British won a stunning victory over combined French and Spanish navies in 1805.

A huge square was cleared in the center of London and it was designed and laid out by Victorian architect Nash, between 1829 and 1850.  And a column almost 60m tall was placed in the middle of it.

The square was named Trafalgar square and a statue of Nelson was placed on top of the column.  Queen Victoria’s favorite animal painter, Sir Edward Landseer, added the four lions at the base of the column in 1868.

Since its construction, Trafalgar Square has a long history of use as a forum for social protest.

Anti-imperialism, along with other concerns such as the rights of workers and women, are just a few of the social movement that have used the square to proclaim their message.
History of Trafalgar Square

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